Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.21256/zhaw-23566
Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: The institutionalization of a cleavage : how differential treatment affects state behavior in the climate negotiations
Authors: Castro Pareja, Paula Mónica
Kammerer, Marlene
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1093/isq/sqab045
10.21256/zhaw-23566
Published in: International Studies Quarterly
Volume(Issue): 65
Issue: 3
Page(s): 683
Pages to: 698
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0020-8833
1468-2478
Language: English
Subject (DDC): 363: Environmental and security problems
Abstract: Differential treatment is a key norm in multilateral environmental agreements. Its main objective is to increase compliance and reduce the free-rider problem by apportioning the costs and benefits of implementation more equitably across the parties in an agreement. The question of how to differentiate those burdens is inextricably linked to national interests, and while in some instances differential treatment is well designed and facilitates cooperation, in other cases a rigid divide—or cleavage—leads to a stalemate and constant conflict. This article studies the consequences of differential treatment as institutionalized under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Previous research has shown that the separation of UNFCCC parties into two opposing groups has deepened the polarization in the negotiations. We identify two causal mechanisms that may have driven this polarization, namely socialization through material incentives and the formation of group identity. We draw on an original dataset that records (dis)agreements between country pairs, coded from negotiation summaries between 1995 and 2013. Using a relational events model, we show that the division of UNFCCC parties into Annex I (with obligations) and non-Annex I (without obligations) is related primarily to material incentives and less to group identity formation.
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/23566
Fulltext version: Accepted version
License (according to publishing contract): Licence according to publishing contract
Restricted until: 2022-04-01
Departement: School of Management and Law
Organisational Unit: Center for Energy and Environment (CEE)
Appears in collections:Publikationen School of Management and Law

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