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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Voter turnout and abstention pricing : quasiexperimental evidence on the effects of a marginal increase in the monetary enforcement of compulsory voting
Authors: Horni, Pascal
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1080/17457289.2021.1994579
Published in: Journal of Elections, Public Opinion, and Parties
Issue Date: 2-Nov-2021
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 1745-7289
Language: English
Subjects: Abstention fine; Compulsory voting; Mandatory voting; Monetary sanction
Subject (DDC): 320: Politics
Abstract: In political science literature, it is often argued that compulsory voting can serve as a remedy against turnout inequality and thereby contribute to more egalitarian societies. However, the literature neglects differences between compulsory voting systems, and most studies consider the obligation to vote as a dichotomous variable. As a result, relatively little is known about the causal effects of particular stimuli and features of compulsory voting. By exploiting quasi-experimental conditions from direct-democratic decision-making in Switzerland, this research assesses the degree to which abstention fines account for a citizen’s willingness to vote under a compulsory voting context. The findings reveal that a marginal increase in monetary sanctions for voter-abstention leads temporally to a sizeable increase in turnout. However, it does not necessarily contribute to the expression of preferences by those traditionally underrepresented in direct-democratic decision-making since a third of those motivated to vote by the threat of a heavier fine will cast an empty or invalid ballot. The effect on turnout is further found to be moderated by income.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY-NC-ND 4.0: Attribution - Non commercial - No derivatives 4.0 International
Departement: School of Management and Law
Organisational Unit: Institute of Public Management (IVM)
Appears in collections:Publikationen School of Management and Law

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