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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Genus-Sexus-Inkongruenz in der Bezeichnungspraxis : Überlegungen zur Kategorie BACKFISCH
Authors: Stocker, Christa
et. al: No
DOI: 10.13092/lo.107.7685
Published in: Linguistik Online
Volume(Issue): 107
Issue: 2
Page(s): 21
Pages to: 40
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Bern Open Publishing
ISSN: 1615-3014
Language: German
Subjects: Personenbezeichnung; Stereotyp; Linguistik; Kategorisierung; Name; Kollokation; Semantik; Genus; Mentalitätsgeschichte; Sexus; Gender
Subject (DDC): 401.4: Terminology, discourse analysis, pragmatics
415: Grammar
Abstract: Nouns referring to persons are “vehicles of our thoughts” (Hermanns 2012b: 62). As labels, they refer to social categories, thereby both reflecting social realities and preserving them at the same time. If social realities change, language usage changes as well. With the abandonment of a historical concept, the designation associated with it also loses its rich semantic filling. The semantic filling, however, can be reconstructed from a historical perspective using a contextsensitive text and discourse analysis. This article aims to reconstruct Backfisch – the designation and social category for teenage girls in the second half of the 19th century – with surprising findings: German designations for teenage girls display a habitual mismatch between grammatical gender and sex. While this incongruency is common, it is not accidental. Instead, it continuously transports semantic features, both in the neuter, with the reification of adolescent girls that conform to their female gender role, and in the masculine, with male category bound features of Backfische, whose behaviour conflicts with the expectancies that a female gender role evokes. Masculine gender is thus a manifestation of behaviour deviant from a gender role but nevertheless positively evaluated. A possible reason for this are the category-bound male features – assessed positively – that are transferred to the female Backfisch category and that have the effect of a temporary status enhancement.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY 3.0: Attribution 3.0 Unported
Departement: Applied Linguistics
Organisational Unit: Institute of Translation and Interpreting (IUED)
Appears in collections:Publikationen Angewandte Linguistik

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