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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Professional care experiences of persons with suicidal ideation and behavior : model development based on a qualitative meta-synthesis
Authors: Hechinger, Mareike
Fringer, André
et. al: No
DOI: 10.2196/27676
Published in: JMIR Formative Research
Volume(Issue): 5
Issue: 10
Issue Date: 28-Oct-2021
Publisher / Ed. Institution: JMIR Publications
ISSN: 2561-326X
Language: English
Subjects: eHealth; Health care professionals; Inpatient; mHealth; Mental health; Nursing care; Outpatient; Stress; Suicidal behavior; Suicidal ideation; Suicidal inclinations; Suicide
Subject (DDC): 616.8: Neurology, diseases of nervous system
Abstract: Background: Health care professionals (HCPs) are challenged in caring for persons with suicidal ideation or behavior. For affected persons, professional care is essential, and being interviewed about their experiences can be stressful. The experiences of persons ideating or attempting suicide are essential to designing eHealth products to support them in crises and provide continuous care. Objective: This study aimed to synthesize published qualitative research about how persons with suicidal thoughts or behavior experience inpatient or outpatient care. A model will be derived from the meta-synthesis to guide HCPs in their work with affected persons and provide a thorough needs assessment for eHealth development. Methods: A qualitative meta-synthesis was conducted using an inductive approach, as proposed by Sandelowski and Barroso. The inclusion criteria were studies in English and German that dealt with persons who ideated or attempted suicide. Relevant articles were identified by searching the PubMed and Cinahl databases and by hand searching relevant journals and reference lists. The findings of each study were analyzed using initial and axial coding, followed by selective coding. Finally, a conceptual model was derived. Results: In total, 3170 articles were identified in the systematic literature search. Articles were screened independently by 2researchers based on the eligibility criteria. Finally, 12 studies were included. The central phenomenon observed among persons ideating or attempting suicide is their process from feeling unanchored to feeling anchored in life again. During inpatient and outpatient care, they experience being dependent on the skills and attitudes of HCPs. While helpful skills and attitudes support persons ideating or attempting suicide to reach their feeling of being anchored in life again, adverse interactions are experienced negatively and might lead to prolonging or maintaining the feeling of being unanchored in life. Conclusions: The study promotes a differentiated view of the experiences of persons ideating or attempting suicide. The derived conceptual model can guide HCPs in their work with affected persons to support affected persons during their recovery. Moreover, the conceptual model is useable as a springboard to develop eHealth solutions for crisis situations and long-term care.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): Licence according to publishing contract
Departement: School of Health Sciences
Organisational Unit: Institute of Nursing (IPF)
Appears in collections:Publikationen Gesundheit

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