Title: Predictors of burnout : results from a prospective community study
Authors : Rössler, Wulf
Hengartner, Michael Pascal
Ajdacic-Gross, Vladeta
Angst, Jules
Published in : European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience : official Organ of the German Society for Biological Psychiatry
Volume(Issue) : 265
Issue : 1
Pages : 19
Pages to: 25
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Springer Medizin
Issue Date: Feb-2015
License (according to publishing contract) : Licence according to publishing contract
Type of review: Peer review (Publication)
Language : English
Subjects : Epidemiology; Community sample; Burnout; Stress; Work strain; Predictor
Subject (DDC) : 158: Applied psychology
616.8: Neurology, diseases of nervous system
Abstract: The possible link between work strain and subsequent mental disorders has attracted public attention in many European countries. Burnout has become a favored concept within this context. Most burnout research has concentrated on various professional groups and less so on ordinary community samples. We analyzed the data collected from a 30-year community sample during seven measuring occasions, beginning in 1978. In the last assessment (2008), we included for the first time the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). Making the diagnosis of a lifetime mental disorder a predictor for burnout required us to compile the cumulative prevalence rate over all seven occasions. We also evaluated various psycho-social predictors of burnout over the life cycle of our sample. Concurrent associations of the MBI with subscales from the SCL-90-R were also investigated. The relationship of burnout with several SCL-90-R subscales demonstrated that, in all dimensions, burnout is associated with significant psychopathology. Persons with a lifetime mood disorder, and especially those with a combination of mood and anxiety disorders, had a higher risk for subsequent burnout. Various partnership problems were another predictor for burnout. In conclusion, the role of mental disorder as an occupational illness remains controversial. Various forms of such disorders as well as some psycho-social predictors can predispose to burnout. By contrast, work-related predictors appear to be less important.
Departement: Angewandte Psychologie
Publication type: Article in scientific Journal
DOI : 10.1007/s00406-014-0512-x
ISSN: 0940-1334
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/2279
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Angewandte Psychologie

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