Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Climate and socio‐economic factors explain differences between observed and expected naturalization patterns of European plants around the world
Authors: Pouteau, Robin
Thuiller, Wilfried
Hobohm, Carsten
Brunel, Caroline
Conn, Barry J.
Dawson, Wayne
Sá Dechoum, Michele
Ebel, Aleksandr L.
Essl, Franz
Fragman‐Sapir, Ori
Fristoe, Trevor
Jogan, Nejc
Kreft, Holger
Lenzner, Bernd
Meyer, Carsten
Pergl, Jan
Pyšek, Petr
Verkhozina, Alla
Weigelt, Patrick
Yang, Qiang
Zykova, Elena
Aćić, Svetlana
Agrillo, Emiliano
Attorre, Fabio
Bergamini, Ariel
Berg, Christian
Bergmeier, Erwin
Biurrun, Idoia
Boch, Steffen
Bonari, Gianmaria
Botta‐Dukát, Zoltán
Bruelheide, Helge
Campos, Juan Antonio
Čarni, Andraž
Casella, Laura
Carranza, Maria Laura
Chytrý, Milan
Ćušterevska, Renata
De Sanctis, Michele
Dengler, Jürgen
Dimopoulos, Panayotis
Ejrnæs, Rasmus
Ewald, Jörg
Fanelli, Giuliano
Fernández‐González, Federico
Gavilán, Rosario G.
Gegout, Jean‐Claude
Haveman, Rense
Isermann, Maike
Jandt, Ute
Jansen, Florian
Jiménez‐Alfaro, Borja
Kavgacı, Ali
Khanina, Larisa
Knollová, Ilona
Kuzemko, Anna
Lebedeva, Maria
Lenoir, Jonathan
Lysenko, Tatiana
Marcenò, Corrado
Martynenko, Vasiliy
Moeslund, Jesper Erenskjold
Pätsch, Ricarda
Pielech, Remigiusz
Rašomavičius, Valerijus
de Ronde, Iris
Ruprecht, Eszter
Rūsiņa, Solvita
Shirokikh, Pavel
Šibík, Jozef
Šilc, Urban
Stanisci, Angela
Stančić, Zvjezdana
Svenning, Jens‐Christian
Swacha, Grzegorz
Dan Turtureanu, Pavel
Valachovič, Milan
Vassilev, Kiril
Yamalov, Sergey
van Kleunen, Mark
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1111/geb.13316
Published in: Global Ecology and Biogeography
Volume(Issue): 30
Issue: 7
Page(s): 1514
Pages to: 1531
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Wiley
ISSN: 1466-8238
1466-822X
Language: English
Subject (DDC): 577: Ecology
580: Plants (Botany)
Abstract: Aim: The number of naturalized (i.e. established) alien species has increased rapidly over recent centuries. Given the differences in environmental tolerances among species, little is known about what factors determine the extent to which the observed size of the naturalized range of a species and hence the extent to which the observed richness of naturalized species of a region approach their full potential. Here, we asked which region-and species-specific characteristics explain differences between observed and expected naturalizations. Location: Global. Time period: Present. Major taxa studied: Vascular plants. Methods: We determined the observed naturalized distribution outside Europe for 1,485 species endemic to Europe using the Global Naturalized Alien Flora (GloNAF) database and their expected distributions outside Europe using species distribution models. First, we investigated which of seven socio-economic factors related to introduction pathways, anthropogenic pressures and inventory effort best explained the differences between observed and expected naturalized European floras. Second, we examined whether distributional features, economic use and functional traits explain the extent to which species have filled their expected ranges outside Europe. Results: In terms of suitable area, more than 95% of expected naturalizations of European plants were not yet observed. Species were naturalized in only 4.2% of their suitable regions outside of Europe (range filling) and in 0.4% of their unsuitable regions (range expansion). Anthropogenic habitat disturbance primarily explained the difference between observed and expected naturalized European floras, as did the number of treaties relevant to invasive species. Species of ornamental and economic value and with large specific leaf area performed better at filling and expanding beyond their expected range. Main conclusions: The naturalization of alien plant species is explained by climate matching but also by the regional level of human development, the introduction pressure associated with the ornamental and economic values of the species and their adaptation to disturbed environments.
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/22755
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): Licence according to publishing contract
Departement: Life Sciences and Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Natural Resource Sciences (IUNR)
Appears in collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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