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|Publication type:||Article in scientific journal|
|Type of review:||Open peer review|
|Title:||Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Finnish version of the central sensitization inventory and its relationship with dizziness and postural control|
|Published in:||BMC Neurology|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution:||BioMed Central|
|Subjects:||Central sensitization; Central sensitization inventory; Chronic pain; Dizziness; Low back pain; Musculoskeletal pain; Postural control; Psychometric validation|
|Subject (DDC):||616.8: Neurology, diseases of nervous system|
|Abstract:||Background: Central Sensitization (CS) involves dysfunction in neurophysiological mechanisms that increase neuronal responses to both noxious and non-noxious stimuli in the central nervous system. The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) is considered the leading patient-reported outcome measure for assessing CS-related symptoms. The aim of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the CSI into Finnish (CSI-FI) and to evaluate its psychometric properties. Methods: Translation and cross-cultural validation of the CSI was conducted according to established guidelines. The validation sample was 229 subjects, including 42 pain free controls and 187 subjects with chronic musculoskeletal pain. The CSI-FI was evaluated for internal consistency, test-retest reliability, exploratory factor analysis with maximum likelihood extraction, relationship with subject-reported outcome measures [Tampa scale of kinesiophobia (TSK), the Depression scale (DEPS), 5-level EQ-5D version (EQ-5 L-5D), Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), and Pain and Sleep Questionnaire Three-Item Index (PSQ-3)], pain history, subjective symptoms of dizziness, and CS-related diagnoses on CSI part B. Furthermore, we studied the ability of the CSI-FI to distinguish pain free controls, subjects with chronic pain in a single body area, and subjects with multisite chronic pain. In addition, we studied the relationship of CSI-FI scores with postural control on a force plate. Results: The CSI-FI demonstrated good internal consistency (0.884) and excellent test-retest reliability (0.933) with a 7 ± 1 day gap between test administrations. Exploratory factor analysis with maximum likelihood extraction yielded a one factor solution. Fair to good correlations were found between the CSI-FI and the TSK, DEPS, EQ-5 L-5D, RMDQ, and PSQ-3. Subjective symptoms of dizziness correlated better with CSI-FI scores than any of the CS-related diagnoses on CSI part B. Total CSI-FI scores successfully distinguished between pain free controls, subjects with chronic pain in a single body area, and subjects with multisite chronic pain. The multisite pain group reported significantly more dizziness symptoms than the other two groups. Force plate measurements showed no relationship between postural control and CSI-FI scores. Conclusion: The CSI-FI translation was successfully cross-culturally adapted and validated into Finnish. CSI-FI psychometric properties and scores were all in acceptable levels and in line with previous CSI validations. The CSI-FI appears to be a valid and reliable instrument for assessing CS-related symptomology in Finnish-speaking populations.|
|Fulltext version:||Published version|
|License (according to publishing contract):||CC BY 4.0: Attribution 4.0 International|
|Departement:||School of Health Sciences|
|Organisational Unit:||Institute of Physiotherapy (IPT)|
|Appears in collections:||Publikationen Gesundheit|
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|2021_Mikkonen-etal_Cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation.pdf||1.03 MB||Adobe PDF|
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Mikkonen, J., Luomajoki, H., Airaksinen, O., Neblett, R., Selander, T., & Leinonen, V. (2021). Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Finnish version of the central sensitization inventory and its relationship with dizziness and postural control. BMC Neurology, 21(141). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12883-021-02151-6
Mikkonen, J. et al. (2021) ‘Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Finnish version of the central sensitization inventory and its relationship with dizziness and postural control’, BMC Neurology, 21(141). Available at: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12883-021-02151-6.
J. Mikkonen, H. Luomajoki, O. Airaksinen, R. Neblett, T. Selander, and V. Leinonen, “Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Finnish version of the central sensitization inventory and its relationship with dizziness and postural control,” BMC Neurology, vol. 21, no. 141, Mar. 2021, doi: 10.1186/s12883-021-02151-6.
Mikkonen, Jani, et al. “Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Finnish Version of the Central Sensitization Inventory and Its Relationship with Dizziness and Postural Control.” BMC Neurology, vol. 21, no. 141, Mar. 2021, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12883-021-02151-6.
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