|Title:||Influence of demographic characteristics on attenuated positive psychotic symptoms in a young, help-seeking, at-risk population|
|Authors :||Theodoridou, Anastasia|
Hengartner, Michael Pascal
|Published in :||Early Intervention in Psychiatry : the Development, Onset and Treatment of Emerging Mental Disorders|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution :||Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia|
|License (according to publishing contract) :||Licence according to publishing contract|
|Type of review:||Peer review (Publication)|
|Subject (DDC) :||616.89: Mental disorders, clinical psychology and psychiatry|
|Abstract:||Aim: Presentation of attenuated positive psychotic symptoms (APS) was reported to be modestly influenced by age, sex and education in a psychosis-risk sample. We re-examined the influence of demographic variables on APS in an independent psychosis-risk sample. Method: In a clinical high-risk-sample (N = 188; 13-35 years; 60.1% men), bivariate correlations were examined with Spearman correlations. All other associations were computed with generalized linear models. Results: Inter-correlations between positive symptoms were statistically significant for all but the smallest coefficient (range: r = 0.12-0.49). Age was negatively related to APS (range: OR = 0.53-0.78, all P < .01). Male sex was uniquely related to disorganized communication (OR = 1.46) and a high education-level related negatively to suspiciousness/persecutory ideas (OR = 0.64), perceptual abnormalities/hallucinations (OR = 0.57) and disorganized communication (OR = 0.54). The variance explained by age ranged from R2 = 0.044 for unusual thought content to R2 = 0.144 for perceptual abnormalities. Conclusion: Our results highlighted the role of age and, thereby, neurodevelopment in psychosis-risk assessment.|
|Publication type:||Article in scientific Journal|
|Appears in Collections:||Publikationen Angewandte Psychologie|
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