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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Operating performance of full-scale agricultural biogas plants in Germany and China : results of a year-round monitoring program
Authors: Zhou, Lijun
Hülsemann, Benedikt
Cui, Zhiyang
Merkle, Wolfgang
Sponagel, Christian
Zhou, Yuguang
Guo, Jianbin
Dong, Renjie
Müller, Joachim
Oechsner, Hans
et. al: No
DOI: 10.3390/app11031271
Published in: Applied Sciences
Volume(Issue): 11
Issue: 3
Page(s): 1271
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher / Ed. Institution: MDPI
ISSN: 2076-3417
Language: English
Subjects: Anaerobic digestion; Biogas; Performance monitoring; Financial analysis; Policy
Subject (DDC): 660: Chemical engineering
Abstract: Germany (DE) and China (CN) have different political approaches in supporting the biogas sector. Three German and three Chinese large-scale biogas plants (BGPs) were evaluated as part of a year-round monitoring program. Laboratory methods were utilized to analyze the chemical indicators. Results showed a stable anaerobic digestion process without system failures in all BGPs. The methane yield had a range of 0.23–0.35 m3 CH4/kgODM for DE BGPs and 0.11–0.22 m3 CH4/kgODM for CN BGPs, due to different substrates and working temperatures. Financial analyses indicated that DE BGPs are viable under their current feed-in tariffs contracts. Their financial internal rate of return (IRR) ranged between 8 and 22%. However, all CN BGPs had negative IRRs, indicating that they are financially unfeasible. Risk analyses illustrated that DE BGPs will face financial nonviability if benefits decrease by 9–33% or costs increase by 10–49%, or if a combined worse case (benefit decrease and cost increase) of 5 20% occurs. Incentives to BGP operations are particularly important in China, where the government should consider switching the construction-based subsidy to a performancebased subsidy system to motivate the operators. BGP monitoring is necessary to understand the performance, in addition to briefing policymakers in case a policy reform is needed
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY 4.0: Attribution 4.0 International
Departement: Life Sciences and Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Chemistry and Biotechnology (ICBT)
Appears in collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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