Publikationstyp: Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
Art der Begutachtung: Peer review (Publikation)
Titel: Are pesticides risk decreasing? : the relevance of pesticide indicator choice in empirical analysis
Autor/-in: Möhring, Niklas
Bozzola, Martina
Hirsch, Stefan
Finger, Robert
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1111/agec.12563
Erschienen in: Agricultural Economics
Band(Heft): 51
Heft: 3
Seite(n): 429
Seiten bis: 444
Erscheinungsdatum: 2020
Verlag / Hrsg. Institution: Wiley
ISSN: 0169-5150
Sprache: Englisch
Schlagwörter: Pesticide; Pesticide policy; Risk management; Pesticide indicator; Damage abatement
Fachgebiet (DDC): 630: Landwirtschaft
Zusammenfassung: The reduction of adverse health and environmental effects from pesticide use is currently a top priority on the agricultural policy agenda. Efficient pesticide policies must take into account farmers’ application behavior, especially effects of pesticide use on economic risk. However, previous results regarding the direction of risk effects of pesticides are ambiguous. We show that the ambiguity in earlier studies could be due to the pesticide indicator selected. Indicators which fail to account for the heterogeneous properties of pesticides may be inapt for interpreting farmers’ pesticide use decisions. Our analysis, based on a rich panel dataset of Swiss wheat producers with highly detailed information on pesticide use, considers different pesticide indicators and multiple sources of uncertainty. Our key finding is that indicator choice affects the magnitude and sign of estimated risk effects. Estimates of pesticide productivity and risk effects are significantly higher for fungicides, and even reversed for herbicides when we measure pesticide use in simple quantity units (kilogram per hectare) ‐ compared to the quality and intensity corrected Load Index. This means for example, that farmers will ceteris paribus use lower quantities of herbicides, but will increase the overall toxicity of the products applied with increasing risk aversion. We discuss implications of our findings for the design of pesticide policies and agricultural risk management instruments.
Volltext Version: Publizierte Version
Lizenz (gemäss Verlagsvertrag): Lizenz gemäss Verlagsvertrag
Departement: Life Sciences und Facility Management
Organisationseinheit: Institut für Umwelt und Natürliche Ressourcen (IUNR)
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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