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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: The welfare effects of crop biodiversity as an adaptation to climate shocks in Kenya
Authors: Bozzola, Martina
Smale, Melinda
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105065
Published in: World Development
Volume(Issue): 135
Issue: 105065
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Elsevier
ISSN: 0305-750X
Language: English
Subjects: Crop diversification; Smallholder farmer; Vulnerability; Kenya
Subject (DDC): 333: Economics of land and resources
630: Agriculture
Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of crop biodiversity on farm income and production risk using a large panel dataset of rural households in Kenya. We consider three different metrics of in situ (on-farm) crop diversification (richness, evenness and concentration). We apply a partial moments-based model to test the effects of each strategy on welfare defined as expected crop income, variability (variance) and downside risk (skewness). Our comprehensive econometric approach differentiates climatic shocks, weather and climate change. The results suggest that the benefits from greater diversification in terms of enhanced land productivity and lower production costs could surpass the foregone benefit from greater efficiency associated with more concentrated production systems. Crop richness and evenness each reduce exposure to crop income risk, especially for more vulnerable farmers who produce below the expected revenue threshold. Farmers who rely on greater crop specialization, on the contrary, are more exposed to crop income risk.
Fulltext version: Accepted version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY-NC-ND 4.0: Attribution - Non commercial - No derivatives 4.0 International
Restricted until: 2022-07-24
Departement: Life Sciences and Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Natural Resource Sciences (IUNR)
Appears in collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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