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Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Cross-cultural adaptation of the participation and environment measure for children and youth (PEM-CY) into German : a qualitative study in three countries
Authors: Krieger, Beate
Schulze, Christina
Boyd, Jillian
Amann, Ruth
Piškur, Barbara
Beurskens, Anna
Teplicky, Rachel
Moser, Albine
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1186/s12887-020-02343-y
Published in: BMC Pediatrics
Volume(Issue): 20
Issue: 492
Issue Date: 24-Oct-2020
Publisher / Ed. Institution: BioMed Central
ISSN: 1471-2431
Language: English
Subjects: Assessment; Outcome; Children; Youth; Qualitative research; Community; Social participation; Environment; PEM-CY
Subject (DDC): 302: Social interaction
Abstract: Background: Concepts such as participation and environment may differ across cultures. Consequently, to use a measure like the Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY) in other than the original English-speaking contexts, cultural adaptation needs to be assured. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally translate and adapt the PEM-CY into German as it is used in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Methods: Fifteen parents of children and adolescents with disabilities from three German speaking countries participated in three rounds of think-aloud interviews. We followed the procedure of cultural equivalence guidelines including two additional steps. Data was analyzed by content analysis using semantic, idiomatic, experiential and conceptual equivalence. Results: Results show adaptations mainly focused on experiential and conceptual equivalence, with conceptual equivalence being the most challenging to reach. Examples of experiential equivalence included adapting the examples of activities in the PEM-CY to reflect those typical in German speaking countries. Conceptual equivalence mainly addressed aspects of “involvement” and “environment” of children and adolescents and was reached through adaptations such as enhanced instructions and structures, and additional definitions. Conclusion: This study presents a cross-cultural translation and adaptation process to develop a German version of the PEM-CY that is suitable for Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Using a modified cultural adaptation process, a culturally adapted version of PEM-CY (German) is now available for research, practice and further validation.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY 4.0: Attribution 4.0 International
Departement: Health Professions
Organisational Unit: Institute of Occupational Therapy (IER)
Published as part of the ZHAW project: Partizipation von Kindern und Jugendlichen zu Hause, in der Schule und in der Gesellschaft erfassen
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Gesundheit

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