Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.21256/zhaw-20531
Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: EUNIS Habitat Classification : expert system, characteristic species combinations and distribution maps of European habitats
Authors: Chytrý, Milan
Tichý, Lubomír
Hennekens, Stephan M.
Knollová, Ilona
Janssen, John A. M.
Rodwell, John S.
Peterka, Tomáš
Marcenò, Corrado
Landucci, Flavia
Danihelka, Jiří
Hájek, Michal
Dengler, Jürgen
Novák, Pavel
Zukal, Dominik
Jiménez‐Alfaro, Borja
Mucina, Ladislav
Abdulhak, Sylvain
Aćić, Svetlana
Agrillo, Emiliano
Attorre, Fabio
Bergmeier, Erwin
Biurrun, Idoia
Boch, Steffen
Bölöni, János
Bonari, Gianmaria
Braslavskaya, Tatiana
Bruelheide, Helge
Campos, Juan Antonio
Čarni, Andraž
Casella, Laura
Ćuk, Mirjana
Ćušterevska, Renata
De Bie, Els
Delbosc, Pauline
Demina, Olga
Didukh, Yakiv
Dítě, Daniel
Dziuba, Tetiana
Ewald, Jörg
Gavilán, Rosario G.
Gégout, Jean‐Claude
Giusso del Galdo, Gian Pietro
Golub, Valentin
Goncharova, Nadezhda
Goral, Friedemann
Graf, Ulrich
Indreica, Adrian
Isermann, Maike
Jandt, Ute
Jansen, Florian
Jansen, Jan
Jašková, Anni
Jiroušek, Martin
Kącki, Zygmunt
Kalníková, Veronika
Kavgacı, Ali
Khanina, Larisa
Yu. Korolyuk, Andrey
Kozhevnikova, Mariya
Kuzemko, Anna
Küzmič, Filip
Kuznetsov, Oleg L.
Laiviņš, Māris
Lavrinenko, Igor
Lavrinenko, Olga
Lebedeva, Maria
Lososová, Zdeňka
Lysenko, Tatiana
Maciejewski, Lise
Mardari, Constantin
Marinšek, Aleksander
Napreenko, Maxim G.
Onyshchenko, Viktor
Pérez‐Haase, Aaron
Pielech, Remigiusz
Prokhorov, Vadim
Rašomavičius, Valerijus
Rodríguez Rojo, Maria Pilar
Rūsiņa, Solvita
Schrautzer, Joachim
Šibík, Jozef
Šilc, Urban
Škvorc, Željko
Smagin, Viktor A.
Stančić, Zvjezdana
Stanisci, Angela
Tikhonova, Elena
Tonteri, Tiina
Uogintas, Domas
Valachovič, Milan
Vassilev, Kiril
Vynokurov, Denys
Willner, Wolfgang
Yamalov, Sergey
Evans, Douglas
Palitzsch Lund, Mette
Spyropoulou, Rania
Tryfon, Eleni
Schaminée, Joop H. J.
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12519
10.21256/zhaw-20531
Published in: Applied Vegetation Science
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Wiley
ISSN: 1402-2001
1654-109X
Language: English
Subjects: Coastal habitat; Diagnostic species; Distribution map; Dune vegetation; European Nature Information System (EUNIS); European Vegetation Archive (EVA); Expert system; Forest; Grassland; Habitat classification; Man‐made habitat; Shrubland; Vegetation database; Vegetation plot; Wetland
Subject (DDC): 577: Ecology
Abstract: Aim: The EUNIS Habitat Classification is a widely used reference framework for European habitat types (habitats), but it lacks formal definitions of individual habitats that would enable their unequivocal identification. Our goal was to develop a tool for assigning vegetation-plot records to the habitats of the EUNIS system, use it to classify a European vegetation-plot database, and compile statistically-derived characteristic species combinations and distribution maps for these habitats. Location: Europe. Methods: We developed the classification expert system EUNIS-ESy, which contains definitions of individual EUNIS habitats based on their species composition and geographic location. Each habitat was formally defined as a formula in a computer language combining algebraic and set-theoretic concepts with formal logical operators. We applied this expert system to classify 1,261,373 vegetation plots from the European Vegetation Archive (EVA) and other databases. Then we determined diagnostic, constant and dominant species for each habitat by calculating species-to-habitat fidelity and constancy (occurrence frequency) in the classified data set. Finally, we mapped the plot locations for each habitat. Results: Formal definitions were developed for 199 habitats at Level 3 of the EUNIS hierarchy, including 25 coastal, 18 wetland, 55 grassland, 43 shrubland, 46 forest and 12 man-made habitats. The expert system classified 1,125,121 vegetation plots to these habitat groups and 73,188 to other habitats, while 63,064 plots remained unclassified or were classified to more than one habitat. Data on each habitat were summarized in factsheets containing habitat description, distribution map, corresponding syntaxa and characteristic species combination. Conclusions: EUNIS habitats were characterized for the first time in terms of their species composition and distribution, based on a classification of a European database of vegetation plots using the newly developed electronic expert system EUNISESy. The data provided and the expert system have considerable potential for future use in European nature conservation planning, monitoring and assessment.
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/20531
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): CC BY 4.0: Attribution 4.0 International
Departement: Life Sciences and Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Natural Resource Sciences (IUNR)
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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