Publication type: Book part
Type of review: Editorial review
Title: Grasslands of Northern Europe and the Baltic States
Authors: Dengler, Jürgen
Birge, Traci
Bruun, Hans Henrik
Rasomavicius, Valerijus
Rusina, Solvita
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.12433-9
Published in: Encyclopedia of the world’s biomes
Editors of the parent work: Goldstein, M.I.
DellaSala, D.A.
Pages: 689
Pages to: 702
Issue Date: 29-Feb-2020
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Elsevier
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Oxford
ISBN: 9780128160961
Language: English
Subjects: Grassland; Northern Europe
Subject (DDC): 577: Ecology
Abstract: This chapter deals with the grasslands of Northern Europe (Denmark, Faroe Islands, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden) and the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania), with a focus on natural and semi-natural grasslands of the lowlands, thus treating arctic-alpine and strongly intensified types only marginally. At present, grasslands cover ca. 7% of the study region, half of which are natural grasslands (mostly arctic-alpine, to a smaller extent also azonal and extra-zonal) and the other half secondary grasslands created by human land use (livestock grazing or haymaking). Both grassland categories have high importance for biodiversity in many taxa. However, particularly the secondary grasslands are profoundly negatively affected by area loss (conversion to other land uses) and quality loss (mainly due to intensification and to abandonment). Conservation measures typically try to mimic traditional low-intensity land uses that are agronomically not profitable anymore.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): Licence according to publishing contract
Departement: Life Sciences and Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Natural Resource Sciences (IUNR)
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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