|Publication type:||Article in scientific journal|
|Type of review:||Peer review (publication)|
|Title:||Sulfur poisoning recovery on a solid oxide fuel cell anode material through reversible segregation of nickel|
Van Herle, Jan
|Published in:||Chemistry of Materials|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution:||American Chemical Society|
|Subject (DDC):||620.11: Engineering materials|
|Abstract:||The perovskite-type mixed oxide La0.3Sr0.55Ti0.95Ni0.05O3−δ (LSTN) is demonstrated to exhibit the remarkable property of structural regeneration, where Ni can be reversibly exsoluted from the host perovskite lattice resulting in a regenerable Ni catalyst for solid oxide fuel cell anode applications. Results of catalytic tests for the water gas shift reaction and electrochemical investigations on a button-sized fuel cell demonstrate the redox stability of LSTN, its potential application in solid oxide fuel cells, and its ability to recover catalytic activity completely after sulfur poisoning. Nickel segregation was characterized and quantified on powder samples by means of electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and temperature-programmed reduction–reoxidation cycles. Catalyst stability was much improved compared to impregnated Ni/La0.3Sr0.55TiO3−δ and Ni/Y0.08Zr0.92O2 anode materials. A full cell was tested under both open circuit voltage and polarized conditions, showing a stable cell voltage over redox cycles as well as periods of reverse potential and current overload. The area-specific resistance of the anode layer was as low as 0.58 Ω cm2 at 850 °C. This allows LSTN to be applied in redox-stable solid oxide fuel cell anodes and reversible segregation of Ni to be exploited for fast recovery from sulfur poisoning.|
|Fulltext version:||Published version|
|License (according to publishing contract):||Licence according to publishing contract|
|Departement:||School of Engineering|
|Organisational Unit:||Institute of Computational Physics (ICP)|
|Appears in Collections:||Publikationen School of Engineering|
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.