Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.21256/zhaw-18486
Title: The whole and its parts : why and how to disentangle plant communities and synusiae in vegetation classification
Authors : Berg, Christian
Ewald, Jörg
Hobohm, Carsten
Dengler, Jürgen
et. al : No
Published in : Applied Vegetation Science
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Wiley
Issue Date: 2019
License (according to publishing contract) : CC BY-NC-ND 4.0: Attribution - Non commercial - No derivatives 4.0 International
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Language : English
Subjects : Cryptogam; Epiphyte; EuroVegChecklist; Holocoenosis; International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature (ICPN); Merocoenosis; Phytocoenosis; Phytosociology; Plant community; Spatial scale; Synusia; Vegetation classification system (VCS)
Subject (DDC) : 580: Plants (Botany)
Abstract: Most plant communities consist of different structural and ecological subsets, ranging from cryptogams to different tree layers. The completeness and approach with which these subsets are sampled have implications for vegetation classification. Non‐vascular plants are often omitted or sometimes treated separately, referring to their assemblages as “synusiae” (e.g. epiphytes on bark, saxicolous species on rocks). The distinction of complete plant communities (phytocoenoses or holocoenoses) from their parts (synusiae or merocoenoses) is crucial to avoid logical problems and inconsistencies of the resulting classification systems. We here describe theoretical differences between the phytocoenosis as a whole and its parts, and outline consequences of this distinction for practise and terminology in vegetation classification. To implement a clearer separation, we call for modifications of the International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature and the EuroVegChecklist. We believe that these steps will make vegetation classification systems better applicable and raise the recognition of the importance of non‐vascular plants in the vegetation as well as their interplay with vascular plants.
Departement: Life Sciences and Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Natural Resource Sciences (IUNR)
Publication type: Article in scientific journal
DOI : 10.1111/avsc.12461
10.21256/zhaw-18486
ISSN: 1402-2001
1654-109X
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/18486
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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