|Title:||Basic needs, resilience, and general principles in counseling|
|Authors :||Schär Gmelch, Marcel|
|et. al :||No|
|Published in :||Enhancing resilience in youth|
|Editors of the parent work:||Steinebach, Christoph|
Langer, Álvaro I.
|Publisher / Ed. Institution :||Springer|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution:||Cham|
|License (according to publishing contract) :||Licence according to publishing contract|
|Type of review:||Editorial review|
|Subjects :||Basic needs; Resilience; General principles in counseling; Grundbedürfnisse; Resilienz; Allgemeine Wirkfaktoren; Therapeutische Beziehung; Therapeutic relationsship|
|Subject (DDC) :||155: Differential and developmental psychology |
305: Social groups
|Abstract:||Even though basic needs are independent of cultures and development stages, there are clear inter-individual differences in how they can be fulfilled. Thus, while basic needs are universal, the ways in which people seek to satisfy them are highly personal. In the course of their development, people amass the most diverse experiences as to the strategies for fulfilling these basic needs (approach) and for avoiding harm (avoidance). When adolescents succeed in satisfying their basic needs, these positive experiences result in positive assumptions about themselves, their environment, and their future. However, these strategies are not always successful. The environment can change, for instance, confronting the adolescent with a new situation where the old strategies and patterns are no longer effective. It is important for the psychological health of adolescents how much they persevere in finding new ways to fulfill their basic needs and how they succeed in fulfilling them. Professional psychological support can encourage and support adolescents to achieve this goal in a better way and help them to grow towards greater resilience. In addition, we illustrate which factors are important for providing adolescents with effective support in counseling and psychotherapy.|
|Organisational Unit:||Institute of Applied Psychology (IAP)|
|Publication type:||Book part|
|Appears in Collections:||Publikationen Angewandte Psychologie|
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