Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.21256/zhaw-18034
Title: Better than bottled water? : energy and climate change impacts of on-the-go drinking water stations
Authors : Makov, Tamar
Meylan, Grégoire
Powell, Jon T.
Shepon, Alon
et. al : No
Published in : Resources, conservation and recycling
Volume(Issue) : 143
Pages : 320
Pages to: 328
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Elsevier
Issue Date: 25-Nov-2019
License (according to publishing contract) : CC BY-NC-ND 4.0: Attribution - Non commercial - No derivatives 4.0 International
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Language : English
Subjects : Bottled water; Climate change; Decenttralized water system; LCA; Water fountain; Water station
Subject (DDC) : 363: Environmental and security problems
Abstract: Growing consumption of single-use bottled water has received criticism due to potentially adverse environmental outcomes. Networks of public-sphere water delivery stations have been proposed as a sustainable alternative for water consumption on-the-go, yet the life-cycle impacts of such stations are poorly understood. Here we evaluate the potential cumulative energy demand and climate change impacts of water delivered from a filtered water refill station under various consumption scenarios and provide a comparison to published results for bottled water. Using a hybrid life-cycle analysis framework employing physical and economic data, we model the water station’s performance in four locations:Tel-Aviv, Israel; Miami Beach, Florida, USA; London, UK; and Shanghai, China. We find that the climate change impact of the station is two to six times lower than those of bottled water and that use phase electricity is the most influential factor in determining the station’s environmental impact. We provide additional observations related to scaling up such a system and recommendations to realize further gainsin eco-efficiency.
Departement: School of Management and Law
Organisational Unit: International Management Institute (IMI)
Publication type: Article in scientific journal
DOI : 10.1016/j.resconrec.2016.11.010
10.21256/zhaw-18034
ISSN: 0921-3449
1879-0658
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/18034
Restricted until : 2021-04-30
Appears in Collections:Publikationen School of Management and Law

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