Publikationstyp: Buchbeitrag
Art der Begutachtung: Editorial review
Titel: Use: what is needed to support sustainability?
Autor/-in: Mikkelsen, Robert
Binder, Claudia
Frossard, Emmanuel
Brand, Fridolin S.
Scholz, Roland
Ulli, Vilsmaier
et. al: No
DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-7250-2
Erschienen in: Sustainable phosphorus management : a global transdisciplinary roadmap
Herausgeber/-in des übergeordneten Werkes: Scholz, Roland
Roy, A.H.
Brand, Fridolin S.
Hellums, D.
Ulrich, A.E.
Seiten: 207
Seiten bis: 246
Erscheinungsdatum: 1-Mär-2014
Verlag / Hrsg. Institution: Springer
Verlag / Hrsg. Institution: Dordrecht
ISBN: 978-94-007-7250-2
Sprache: Englisch
Fachgebiet (DDC): 333: Bodenwirtschaft und Ressourcen
Zusammenfassung: Increased demands for agricultural output per unit of land area must be met in a way that encourages improved efficiency and better stewardship of natural resources, including phosphate rock. Modern crops remove between 5 and 35 kg P/ha, with P removal exceeding 45 kg P/ha for high-yielding maize. In situations such as Sub-Saharan Africa, where soil fertility is low and P removal exceeds average inputs of 2 kg P/ha/year, the resulting nutrient depletion severely restricts yields (e.g., maize yields < 1,000 kg/ha/year) and accelerates soil degradation. In other regions, excessive P inputs produce economic inefficiencies and increase the risk of P loss, with negative environmental consequences. During the year of application, plants recover 15–25 % of the added P, with the remaining fraction converting to less soluble forms or residual P which becomes plant available over time. Improving P efficiency requires a balance between the imperatives to produce more food while minimizing P losses. Utilizing transdisciplinary approaches, a number of social, economic, and environmental goals can be simultaneously achieved if progress is made toward short- and long-term food security and global P sustainability. This chapter provides an overview of efforts to improve P use efficiency in agriculture ranging from promising germplasm, improved crop, and soil management scenarios, additives in animal diets to reduce P inputs and surplus P in the manure, and opportunities for P recycling in food and household waste. Challenges and opportunities associated with each option are discussed and transdisciplinary case studies outlined.
Volltext Version: Publizierte Version
Lizenz (gemäss Verlagsvertrag): Lizenz gemäss Verlagsvertrag
Departement: School of Management and Law
Organisationseinheit: International Management Institute (IMI)
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:Publikationen School of Management and Law

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