|Publication type:||Book part|
|Type of review:||Editorial review|
|Title:||Use: what is needed to support sustainability?|
|Authors :||Mikkelsen, Robert|
Brand, Fridolin S.
|et. al :||No|
|Published in :||Sustainable phosphorus management : a global transdisciplinary roadmap|
|Editors of the parent work:||Scholz, Roland|
Brand, Fridolin S.
|Publisher / Ed. Institution :||Springer|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution:||Dordrecht|
|Subject (DDC) :||333: Economics of land and resources|
|Abstract:||Increased demands for agricultural output per unit of land area must be met in a way that encourages improved efficiency and better stewardship of natural resources, including phosphate rock. Modern crops remove between 5 and 35 kg P/ha, with P removal exceeding 45 kg P/ha for high-yielding maize. In situations such as Sub-Saharan Africa, where soil fertility is low and P removal exceeds average inputs of 2 kg P/ha/year, the resulting nutrient depletion severely restricts yields (e.g., maize yields < 1,000 kg/ha/year) and accelerates soil degradation. In other regions, excessive P inputs produce economic inefficiencies and increase the risk of P loss, with negative environmental consequences. During the year of application, plants recover 15–25 % of the added P, with the remaining fraction converting to less soluble forms or residual P which becomes plant available over time. Improving P efficiency requires a balance between the imperatives to produce more food while minimizing P losses. Utilizing transdisciplinary approaches, a number of social, economic, and environmental goals can be simultaneously achieved if progress is made toward short- and long-term food security and global P sustainability. This chapter provides an overview of efforts to improve P use efficiency in agriculture ranging from promising germplasm, improved crop, and soil management scenarios, additives in animal diets to reduce P inputs and surplus P in the manure, and opportunities for P recycling in food and household waste. Challenges and opportunities associated with each option are discussed and transdisciplinary case studies outlined.|
|Fulltext version :||Published version|
|License (according to publishing contract) :||Licence according to publishing contract|
|Departement:||School of Management and Law|
|Organisational Unit:||International Management Institute (IMI)|
|Appears in Collections:||Publikationen School of Management and Law|
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