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Title: The effects of trans-theoretical model and fear of dental care on dental cleaning behavior among students
Authors : Allahqoli, Leila
Nithyanantham, Vinnaras
Rahmani, Azam
Fallahi, Arezoo
Fathi, Arzieh
Azadi, Nammam Ali
Pashaei, Tahereh
Volken, Thomas
et. al : No
Published in : International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume(Issue) : 7
Issue : 8
Pages : 9853
Pages to: 9861
Publisher / Ed. Institution : Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Issue Date: Aug-2019
License (according to publishing contract) : CC BY 3.0: Attribution 3.0 Unported
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Language : English
Subjects : Behavior; Fear; Oral health; Students; Trans-theoretical model
Subject (DDC) : 610: Medicine and health
Abstract: Background: Fear of dental care prevents dental cleaning behavior and increases the prevalence of dental caries. This study was conducted to determine the effect of Trans-Theoretical Model constructs and fear of dental care on the dental cleaning behavior of students. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Sanandaj City, Iran, in 2017. Using multi-stage sampling, 1,344 male and female students were included in the study. They completed a self-report questionnaire, including demographic information, Trans-Theoretical Model constructs and fear of dental care. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 22.0). Results: A total of 1,344 male and female students with a mean age of 15.22±2.64 years participated in the study; from the perspective of students, dental caries (88.4%) was the most frequent illness and tongue inflammation (0.6%) was the least frequent disease. Overall, 32.9% of the students used no tools for cleaning their teeth. Fear of dental care and perceived barriers were reduced significantly during the stages of dental cleaning behavior (p<0.05) and perceived self-efficacy and perceived benefits were significantly increased (p<0.001). The odds of dental cleaning behavior increased with self-efficacy (OR=1.34, 95%CI=1.22-1.48, p<0.05), and decreased with fear of dental care (OR=0.90, 95%CI=0.80-0.98, p<0.01). Conclusion: The findings showed dental cleaning behavior among students was at a low level and various factors such as perceived self-efficacy, benefits and barriers and fear of dental care influenced its performance.
Departement: Health Professions
Organisational Unit: Institute of Health Sciences (IGW)
Publication type: Article in scientific journal
DOI : 10.22038/ijp.2019.40305.3415
ISSN: 2345-5047
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Gesundheit

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