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Title: Dietary patterns and their sociodemographic and lifestyle determinants in Switzerland : results from the national nutrition survey menuCH
Authors : Krieger, Jean-Philippe
Pestoni, Giulia
Cabaset, Sophie
Brombach, Christine
Sych, Janice Marie
Schader, Christian
Faeh, David
Rohrmann, Sabine
et. al : No
Published in : Nutrients
Volume(Issue) : 11
Issue : 1
Pages : 62
Publisher / Ed. Institution : MDPI
Issue Date: 2018
License (according to publishing contract) : CC BY 4.0: Attribution 4.0 International
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Language : English
Subjects : 24-h recall; Clustering; Dietary survey; Language region; Multinomial logistic regression; Cross-sectional study; Switzerland; Diet; Feeding behavior; Life style; Nutrition Survey; Socioeconomic factor
Subject (DDC) : 613.2: Dietetics
Abstract: From a public health perspective, determinants of diets are crucial to identify, but they remain unclear in Switzerland. Hence, we sought to define current dietary patterns and their sociodemographic and lifestyle determinants using the national nutrition survey menuCH (2014⁻2015, n = 2057). First, we applied multiple factorial analysis and hierarchical clustering on the energy-standardised daily consumption of 17 food categories. Four dietary patterns were identified ("Swiss traditional": high intakes of dairy products and chocolate, n = 744; "Western 1": soft drinks and meat, n = 383; "Western 2": alcohol, meat and starchy, n = 444; and "Prudent": n = 486). Second, we used multinomial logistic regression to examine the determinants of the four dietary patterns: ten sociodemographic or lifestyle factors (sex, age, body mass index, language region, nationality, marital status, income, physical activity, smoking status, and being on a weight-loss diet) were significantly associated with the dietary patterns. Notably, belonging to the French- and Italian-speaking regions of Switzerland increased the odds of following a "Prudent" diet (Odds ratio [95% confidence interval]: 1.92 [1.45⁻2.53] and 1.68 [0.98⁻2.90], respectively) compared to the German-speaking regions. Our findings highlight the influence of sociodemographic and lifestyle parameters on diet and the particularities of the language regions of Switzerland. These results provide the basis for public health interventions targeted for population subgroups.
Departement: Life Sciences and Facility Management
Organisational Unit: Institute of Food and Beverage Innovation (ILGI)
Publication type: Article in scientific journal
DOI : 10.21256/zhaw-3142
ISSN: 2072-6643
Published as part of the ZHAW project : Was isst die Schweiz?
Appears in Collections:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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