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Titel: Cultural differences in diet and determinants of diet quality in Switzerland : results from the national nutrition survey menuCH
Autor/-in: Pestoni, Giulia
Krieger, Jean-Philippe
Sych, Janice Marie
Faeh, David
Rohrmann, Sabine
et. al: No
Erschienen in: Nutrients
Band(Heft): 11
Heft: 1
Seiten: 126
Verlag / Hrsg. Institution: MDPI
Erscheinungsdatum: 2019
Lizenz (gemäss Verlagsvertrag): CC BY 4.0: Namensnennung 4.0 International
Art der Begutachtung: Peer review (Publikation)
Sprache: Englisch
Schlagwörter: Diet quality scores; Dietary pattern; Language region; Cross-sectional study; Mediterranean diet; Life style; Socioeconomic factor; Switzerland; Culture; Food quality; Nutrition survey
Fachgebiet (DDC): 613.2: Diätetik
Zusammenfassung: Sociodemographic differences in dietary consumption were observed in different populations. The current study aimed to identify sociodemographic and lifestyle determinants of diet quality and to investigate the differences in diet quality between the three main language regions of Switzerland. Using data of the Swiss National Nutrition Survey menuCH (n = 2057), two diet quality scores-Alternate Healthy Eating Index and Mediterranean Diet Score-were computed. Linear regression models were used to investigate the determinants of diet quality and chi-square tests were used to test for differences in single score components between language regions. Significantly higher diet quality scores were observed for individuals who were female, older, normal weight, non-Swiss, with tertiary education or moderate-to-high physical activity level. Additionally, residents of the French- and Italian-speaking parts of Switzerland scored higher than residents of the German-speaking region. More specifically, the higher diet quality observed in the French- and Italian-speaking regions was mediated by higher scores in the components of alcohol, dairy products, fat, fish, sugar-sweetened beverages and whole grains. The present results may help to better characterize population groups requiring specific dietary recommendations, enabling public health authorities to develop targeted interventions.
Departement: Life Sciences und Facility Management
Organisationseinheit: Institut für Lebensmittel- und Getränkeinnovation (ILGI)
Publikationstyp: Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift
DOI: 10.21256/zhaw-3143
10.3390/nu11010126
ISSN: 2072-6643
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/17716
Publiziert im Rahmen des ZHAW-Projekts: Was isst die Schweiz?
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management

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