|Title:||Stress-induced productivity losses due to absenteeism and presenteeism in Switzerland in 2014-2015|
|Authors :||Brunner, Beatrice|
|et. al :||No|
|Conference details:||EuHEA Conference, Hamburg, July 13-16, 2016|
|License (according to publishing contract) :||Licence according to publishing contract|
|Type of review:||Not specified|
|Subject (DDC) :||331: Labor economics |
362: Health and social services
|Abstract:||We use a representative panel survey of Swiss employees to estimate the effects of work-related stressors and resources on work productivity, focusing on sickness absenteeism and presenteeism. We measure work productivity and workplace characteristics with well-established instruments and apply both OLS and fixed effects models. We find that job stressors increase health-related productivity losses and that both job resources and personal resources moderate the negative impact of job stressors. In line with the stress concepts of the occupational health literature this implies that it is not merely the level of job stressors, but rather the presence of an imbalance between job stressors and resources that adversely affects health. Our preferred estimates imply an elasticity of health-related productivity losses of 1.1 with respect to job stressors and an elasticity of -0.5 with respect to job resources. We further find the combination of low job resources and high job stressors to be particularly harmful, with employees with low personal resources being even more severely affect. The results from a simple counter-factual exercise finally suggest that job stress might account for as much as 24% of the productivity loss due to absenteeism and presenteeism in Switzerland.|
|Departement:||School of Management and Law|
|Organisational Unit:||Winterthur Institute of Health Economics (WIG)|
|Publication type:||Conference other|
|Appears in Collections:||Publikationen School of Management and Law|
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