|Title:||Transitions of municipal solid waste management. part II : hybrid life cycle assessment of Swiss glass-packaging disposal|
|Authors :||Meylan, Grégoire|
|et. al :||No|
|Published in :||Resources, conservation and recycling|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution :||Elsevier|
|License (according to publishing contract) :||Licence according to publishing contract|
|Type of review:||Peer review (publication)|
|Subject (DDC) :||363: Environmental and security problems|
|Abstract:||In policy support of municipal solid waste (MSW) management, life cycle assessment (LCA) can serve to compare the environmental or economic impacts of two or more options for waste processing. The scope of waste management LCAs generally focuses less attention on future developments, e.g., where will recycling take place, and more on the environmental performance of prototypes, e.g., the incinera-tion of all waste compared to recycling. To provide more robust support for Swiss waste glass-packaging disposal, scenarios of Swiss waste glass-packaging are assessed from a life cycle perspective. The scenar-ios consist in schemes for the disposal of the total amount of Swiss waste glass-packaging, i.e., different combinations of recycling and downcycling in Switzerland or abroad developed in Part I, Meylan et al.(2013). In this article (Part II), the disposal schemes are assessed with respect to eco-ef?ciency, an indica-tor that combines total environmental impacts and gross value added in Switzerland. Results show that no policy alternative guarantees environmental impact reductions and gross value added gains under all developments of exogenous constraints. Downcycling to foam glass in Switzerland is not only an envi-ronmentally sound disposal option, but it also buffers gross value added losses in case domestic recycling (and thus glass-packaging production in Switzerland) ceases in the future. The substitution of products based on raw materials other than Swiss cullet is the main responsible for change in environmental and economic impacts. Hence, an eco-ef?ciency maximizing policy should consider the products of disposal schemes. The combination of scenario analysis and eco-ef?ciency assessment as presented in this paper can be applied to other contexts (i.e., countries, waste fractions).|
|Departement:||School of Management and Law|
|Organisational Unit:||International Management Institute (IMI)|
|Publication type:||Article in scientific journal|
|Appears in Collections:||Publikationen School of Management and Law|
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