Title: Experimental observation of critical depletion : nitrous oxide adsorption on silica gel
Authors : Rajendran, Arvind
Hocker, Thomas
Di Giovanni, Orazio
Mazzotti, Marco
Published in : Langmuir
Volume(Issue) : 18
Issue : 25
Pages : 9726
Pages to: 9734
Publisher / Ed. Institution : American Chemical Society
Issue Date: 2002
Language : Englisch / English
Subjects : Critical; Phenomena; Supercritical; Adsorption
Subject (DDC) : 530: Physik
621.3: Elektrotechnik, Elektronik
Abstract: The adsorption of nitrous oxide (N2O) on silica gel has been studied using a gravimetric apparatus under near critical conditions. In gravimetric measurements, the determination of the excess amount adsorbed depends on a buoyancy correction factor which accounts for the volumes of the adsorbent and the solid parts in the cell. The accurate measurement of the volume of the sorbent and the metal parts in the measuring cell plays an important role in the precise measurement of the excess adsorbed amount especially at high densities. To this aim, a new protocol has been proposed which accounts for non-negligible helium adsorption and thermal expansion of the sorbent and the solid parts of the balance. Helium isochores under moderate temperature and densities have been experimentally measured. The adsorption behavior of helium has been characterized using a nonlinear mobile adsorption model. The proposed protocol has then been applied for the measurement of the excess adsorbed amount of supercritical N2O on silica gel very close to the critical point. Clear experimental evidence of critical depletion, i.e., the decrease of the excess adsorption along an isochore with decreasing temperature, has been obtained. Unlike the previous observation, where critical depletion was seen only in the direct vicinity of the critical isochore, in the present study this is observed on isochores in the range of 0.74 to 1.15.
Departement: School of Engineering
Organisational Unit: Institute of Computational Physics (ICP)
Publication type: Beitrag in wissenschaftlicher Zeitschrift / Article in scientific Journal
DOI : 10.1021/la025696j
ISSN: 0743-7463
URI: https://digitalcollection.zhaw.ch/handle/11475/1657
Appears in Collections:Publikationen School of Engineering

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