Publication type: Article in scientific journal
Type of review: Peer review (publication)
Title: Associations between cooperation, reactive aggression and social impairments among boys with autism spectrum disorder
Authors: Kaartinen, Miia
Puura, Kaija
Pispa, Päivi
Helminen, Mika
Salmelin, Raili
Pelkonen, Erja
Juujärvi, Petri
Kessler, Esther B.
Skuse, David H.
DOI: 10.1177/1362361317726417
Published in: Autism
Volume(Issue): 23
Issue: 1
Pages: 154
Pages to: 166
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher / Ed. Institution: Sage
ISSN: 1362-3613
Language: English
Subjects: Autism severity; Autism spectrum disorder; Cooperation; Reactive aggression
Subject (DDC): 616.8: Neurology, diseases of nervous system
618.92: Pediatrics
Abstract: Cooperation is a fundamental human ability that seems to be inversely related to aggressive behaviour in typical development. However, there is no knowledge whether similar association holds for children with autism spectrum disorder. A total of 27 boys with autism spectrum disorder and their gender, age and total score intelligence matched controls were studied in order to determine associations between cooperation, reactive aggression and autism spectrum disorder-related social impairments. The participants performed a modified version of the Prisoner's Dilemma task and the Pulkkinen Aggression Machine which measure dimensions of trust, trustworthiness and self-sacrifice in predisposition to cooperate, and inhibition of reactive aggression in the absence and presence of situational cues, respectively. Autism spectrum disorder severity-related Autism Diagnostic Interview-algorithm scores were ascertained by interviewing the parents of the participants with a semi-structured parental interview (Developmental, Dimensional and Diagnostic Interview). The results showed that albeit the boys with autism spectrum disorder were able to engage in reciprocation and cooperation regardless of their social impairments, their cooperativeness was positively associated with lower levels of reactive aggression and older age. Thus, strengthening inhibition mechanisms that regulate reactive aggression might make boys with autism spectrum disorder more likely to prefer mutual gain over self-interest in cooperation.
Fulltext version: Published version
License (according to publishing contract): Licence according to publishing contract
Departement: School of Management and Law
Appears in collections:Publikationen School of Management and Law

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