|Title:||Residual stress and buckling patterns of free-standing yttria-stabilized-zirconia membranes fabricated by pulsed laser deposition|
|Authors :||Evans, Anna|
Schlupp, M. V. F.
Gauckler, L. J.
de Rooij, N. F.
|Published in :||Fuel Cells|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution :||Wiley - VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA|
|License (according to publishing contract) :||Licence according to publishing contract|
|Type of review:||Not specified|
|Subjects :||Pulsed Laser Deposition; Buckling; Micro-solid Oxide Fuel Cell; Free-standing Membrane|
|Subject (DDC) :||530: Physics |
621.3: Electrical engineering and electronics
|Abstract:||The residual stress and buckling patterns of free-standing 8 mol.% yttria-stabilized-zirconia (8YSZ) membranes prepared by pulsed laser deposition and microfabrication techniques on silicon substrates are investigated by wafer curvature, light microscopy, white light interferometry, and nanoindentation. The 300 nm thin 8YSZ membranes (390 × 390 Micron) deposited at 25 °C are almost flat after free-etching, whereas deposition at 700 °C yields strongly buckled membranes with a compressive stress of –1,100 ± 150 MPa and an out-of-plane-displacement of 6.5 lm. These latter membranes are mechanically stable during thermal cycling up to 500 °C. Numerical simulations of the buckling shape using the Rayleigh–Ritz-method and a Young’s modulus of 200 GPa are in good agreement with the experimental data. The simulated buckling patterns are used to extract the local stress distribution within the freestanding membrane which consists of tensile and compressive stress regions that are below the failure stresses. This is important regarding the application in, e.g., microsolid oxide fuel cell membranes which must be thermomechanically stable during microfabrication and device operation.|
|Departement:||School of Engineering|
|Organisational Unit:||Institute of Computational Physics (ICP)|
|Publication type:||Article in scientific Journal|
|Appears in Collections:||Publikationen School of Engineering|
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