|Title:||The beauty of xerothermic vegetation complexes in Ausserberg (Rhone valley, Switzerland)|
|Authors :||Dengler, Jürgen|
|Published in :||Palaearctic Grasslands|
|Publisher / Ed. Institution :||EDGG|
|License (according to publishing contract) :||Licence according to publishing contract|
|Type of review:||Not specified|
|Subject (DDC) :||333.7: Land, recreational areas and energy|
|Abstract:||Ausserberg (46°19′N 7°51′E) is a village in the Swiss Canton of Valais with about 600 inhabitants. Located at an elevation of about 1000 m a.s.l. on the steep south-facing slopes above the Rhone valley, one of the most continental inneralpine dry valleys, it has a pronounced dry climate (600 mm annual precipitation) and hot summers. This situation led to the development of rather extensive steppic grasslands with their often rare and sometimes even endemic flora and fauna. These grasslands are embedded into a matrix of other elements of xerothermic vegetation complexes, which makes the slopes of this village overall very species rich and creates a beautiful landscape. The special physical geographical situation is complemented by a long cultural history. First mentioned in 1378, the village was reachable via mule track only for a long time. Only in the early 20th century it got a railway station at the newly built Lötschberg line and even later a road to Visp in the Rhone valley. This relative isolation contributed to the conservation of typical elements of the cultural landscape of Valais, including the traditional stone houses and the Suonen, water channels that transport water over many kilometres from side valleys to irrigate the meadows.|
|Departement:||Life Sciences and Facility Management|
|Organisational Unit:||Institute of Natural Resource Sciences (IUNR)|
|Publication type:||Article in scientific Journal|
|Appears in Collections:||Publikationen Life Sciences und Facility Management|
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